Imperfect Pasture

A Century of Change at the National Elk Refuge in Jackson Hole, Wyoming

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Grand Teton Natural History Association
Softcover: 156 pages,  $14.95
September 2004


An examination of  the complex relationships among elk, fire, vegetation, geology, politics, wildlife, and human activity.  Beginning with an historical reconstruction of plant community conditions on the National Elk Refuge in Jackson, Wyoming, following Euro-American settlement, Imperfect Pasture documents subsequent changes in vegetation and explores when and why those changes occurred.  The book includes a series of historic photographs and comparisons with an altered landscape almost a century later and describes the consequent shifts in wildlife communities.


Imperfect Pasture is a fascinating look, through words and photos, at one of the nation’s most beloved wildlife refuges.
— Ted Kerasote, author of Out There: In the Wild in a Wired Age


Disturbingly enlightening…A must read for anyone concerned with the future of the Jackson elk herd or the National Elk Refuge.
— Steve Cain, senior wildlife biologist, Grand Teton National Park


An easy to read book that will be of interest to biologists, land managers, conservations, historians, and anyone who wants to learn more about elk and the remarkable refuge where they winter in Jackson Hole.
— Peyton Curlee Griffin, President, Northern Rockies Conservation Cooperative